Greatest Control To The Problems of Farm Mechanisation

Greatest Control To The Problems of Farm Mechanisation

Farm Mechanisation can be defined as the application of engineering principles and techniques for the production of agricultural products, agricultural storage, and processing on farms.

Farm mechanization can be used in land preparation, planting, harvesting, weeding application, crop harvesting, etc for crop cultivation and used in rearing, and caring for animals. Farmechanizationon can also be used for processing and storing farm produce, by inappropriate farm machinery that fit the work.

Problems of Farm Mechanisation

  1. Land Tenure system: The type of land tenure system (communal) which doesn't allow for large farms holding suitable fomechanizationon because the land is very small.
  2. Insufficient capital of farmers: Most farmers are very poor and can't afford the cost of farm machinery like tractors and other farm implements.
  3. Inadequate spare parts: There are no spare parts available and that is the major problem the spare part is being imported and the cost of spare parts will be high.
  4. Bad topography: The topography of some lands arises rough and unconducive for farm memechanization5. Inadequate technical manpower and know-how: The availability of technical know-how to operate or technical manpower to work with machines is not available.
  5. Varied Soil types: Soil types are extremely varied and common machines to be used are not available locally.
  6. Scattered Farm Holdings: Scattered farm holdings are doesn't encourage the use of farm mamachines8. Problems of stumps and logs: During clearing, heavy stumps and logs are usually left on the farm and they added another problem in mechanization.

Advantages of Farm Mechanisation

Timelines of Operation: Farm Mechanisation allows and ensures that all the farm operations are done and completed within a short period

It saves labor: In farm mechanization, human power is not needed as they only need a littlmanpowerer to power machines.

It reduces drudgery: Farm machines make work easy as machines do all the tedious jobs to avoid unpleasant manual jobs.

It encourages large farming: Machines can be used to work on a large farm and breathe p heavharvestsst as machines don't get tired easily.

It increases output: Mechanisation makes it possible for farmers to reap much output as the farmer worked on a large farm.

It increases farm revenue: As a result of mechanization, the farmer becomes richer due to the high yield and high reap of planted crops.

It saves time: Farm memechanizationaves time as farm machines can work on fafarmsor a long time without getting tired. MeMechanizationranslate man's brain quickly into the quality of operations.

Co-operation among farmers: Farmechanizationon enables many farmers together to come together and pool their resources together, and it promotes cooperation among farmers in that community.

Improvement in quality of produce: Farm mechanization improves the quality of some farm produce e g rice processing without stones in it.

Reduction in cost of operations: Mechanisation reduces the cost of agricultural operations per unit output.

Disadvantages of Farm Mechanisation

  • High cost: Due to a lot of machines involved, it is usually very expensive to operate farm machines.
  • It causes environmental pollution: Farm mechanization can cause environmental pollution due to the smoke emanating from machines, chemicals, and fertilizer usage.
  • Land tenure system: Farm memechanizationan hinders the efficient use of tractors due to small farms4. Compaction of soil: As heavy machines move on the n farm, it leads to the compaction othe f soil.
  • Degradation of landscape: Farmechanizationon ensures the degradation othe f the landscape aa s result t continuous excavation.
  • Displacement of workers: In farmechanizationon, very few workers are needed and hence, people will be out ojobsob whemechanizationon is introduced.
  • Unstable fuel supply: Unstable supply of fuel can affect the working of machinery.
  • Spread of pests and diseases: Mechanisation helps in spreading pests and diseases through contaminated machinery.
  • High cost of maintenance: Heavy machines usually have a high cost of maintenance involved.
  • Inadequate spare parts: As the spare parts are not readily available, it affects the works of machines.

The Problems of Farm Mechanisation

  • Destruction of soil structure: The soil structure can be easily destroyed due to the continuous movemenandkd usage of the machines by farmers.
  • Inadequate technical know-how: There is always inadequate technical know-how on how the use and handling of farm machines.
  • Damages of crops: Most crops are usually damaged during memechanizedarm operation, most of the time if care is not taken.
  • Few crops camechanizeded: Very few crops like maize, rice millet, ts, etc, came mechanized.

Limitations of Farm Mechanisation

Factors limiting agricultural mechanization in some developing countries will be discussed under the following major headings:

(a) Economic Limitation

  • Most farmers are poor and cannot afford most of the machines.
  • Machines are only available in some developing countries.
  • High cost of maintenance
  • The cost of hiring machines is high.
  • Operators dedemandor high pay/ wages which most farmers cannot afford.

(b) Technical limitations

  • There is a lack of technical know-how about machines.
  • Very few schools exist to train agricuof tourists and farm operators.
  • Experts on these machines are not readily available.
  • The mode of operation of most machines aristo known.

(c) Lack of maintenance

  • Most machines are imported and can't be managed locally.
  • Replacement parts are not available.
  • InInadequatelyrained personnel to repair farm machines.

(d) Small farm holdings

  • Peasant farmers have sma all areas of farmland and can't use machines on them. 
  • Fragmentation of lands discourages farm mechanization

Possible ways of improving farm mechanization

  1. Farmers should be educated to accept moa dern system of farming, especially in the aspect of farm mechanization
  2. Government should prprovideoans to enenablearmers puto chase farm machines m
  3. Simple and less expensive machines should be developed and accepted.
  4. Farmers should form cooperative societies to enable them poto ol resources together to buy farm machines.
  5. The land systems should be reviewed to enable farmers to acquire large hectares of land so they can adopt farmechanizationon.
  6. Government should establish agricultural engineering Schools and institutions to train personnel hoon w to use machines and develop machines.

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